Subcompartmentalizing the Golgi apparatus.
The subcompartmentalized structure of the Golgi apparatus contributes to efficient glycosylation in the secretory pathway. Subcompartmentalization driven by maturation relies primarily on constant and accurate vesicle-mediated local recycling of Golgi residents. The precision of this vesicle transport is dependent on the interplay between the key factors that mediate vesicle budding and fusion--the coat proteins and the SNARE fusion machinery. These alone, however, may not be sufficient to ensure establishment of compartments de novo, and additional regulatory mechanisms operate to modify their activity.