The Effects of Stress and Coping Styles on Blood Glucose and Mood in Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes

2009-05-04T00:00:00Z (GMT) by Richard Chang
This study explores the relation of stress and coping style to blood glucose and mood in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes is a complex disease to manage due to the daily regimen that each patient must undergo to prevent negative health consequences. The two primary goals of the study were: (1) to examine the relation of stressful daily events to mood and blood glucose levels in adolescents and (2) to examine whether chronic life events and coping styles moderate these relations. To accomplish this, stressors and mood were measured on a daily basis among 20 adolescents with diabetes for one week. At study start, we collected information about coping style and chronic stressors. Results revealed that daily stress did not predict blood glucose levels but did predict mood. Chronic stress did not moderate the relation between daily stress and blood glucose, but did moderate the relation between daily stress and mood. Daily stress was associated to poorer mood but especially so for those with lower chronic stress. Coping style also moderated the relations of daily stress to blood glucose and mood. The findings suggest that individual differences in chronic stress and coping styles moderate the effects of daily stress on adolescents’ health