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Academic Superstars: Competent or Lucky?

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journal contribution
posted on 24.09.2016 by Remco Heesen

I show that the social stratification of academic science can arise as a result of academics' preference for reading work of high epistemic value. This is consistent with a view on which academic superstars are highly competent academics, but also with a view on which superstars arise primarily due to luck. I argue that stratification is beneficial if most superstars are competent, but not if most superstars are lucky. I also argue that it is impossible to tell whether most superstars are in fact competent or lucky, or which group a given superstar belongs to, and hence whether stratification is overall beneficial.

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