Correlation-sharing for Detection of Differential Gene Expression
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We propose a method for detecting differential gene expression that exploits the correlation between genes. Our proposal averages the univariate scores of each feature with the scores in correlation neighborhoods. In a number of real and simulated examples, the new method often exhibits lower false discovery rates than simple t-statistic thresholding. We also provide some analysis of the asymptotic behavior of our proposal. The general idea of correlation-sharing can be applied to other prediction problems involving a large number of correlated features. We give an example in protein mass spectrometry.