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Human Telesupervision of a Fleet of Autonomous Robots for Safe and Efficient Space Exploration

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posted on 01.01.2006 by Gregg Podnar, John Dolan, Alberto Elfes, Marcel Bergerman, H. Benjamin Brown, Alan D. Guisewite
In January 2004, NASA began a bold enterprise to return to the Moon, and with the technologies and expertise gained, press on to Mars. The underlying Vision for Space Exploration calls for a sustained and affordable human and robotic program to explore the solar system and beyond; to conduct human expeditions to Mars after successfully demonstrating sustained human exploration missions on the Moon. The approach is to “send human and robotic explorers as partners, leveraging the capabilities of each where most useful.” Human-robot interfacing technologies for this approach are required at readiness levels above any available today. In this paper, we describe the HRI aspects of a robot supervision architecture we are developing under NASA’s auspices, based on the authors’ extensive experience with field deployment of ground, underwater, lighter than air, and inspection autonomous and semi-autonomous robotic vehicles and systems.


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