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Image Composition for Object Pop-out

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journal contribution
posted on 01.10.2009 by Hongwen Kang, Alexei Efros, Martial Hebert, Takeo Kanade

We propose a new data-driven framework for novel object detection and segmentation, or "object pop-out". Traditionally, this task is approached via background subtraction, which requires continuous observation from a stationary camera. Instead, we consider this an image matching problem. We detect novel objects in the scene using an unordered, sparse database of previously captured images of the same general environment. The problem is formulated in a new image composition framework: 1) given an input image, we find a small set of similar matching images; 2) each of the matches is aligned with the input by proposing a set of homography transformations; 3) regions from different transformed matches are stitched together into a single composite image that best matches the input; 4) the difference between the input and the composite is used to "pop-out" new or changed objects.