Learning to Find Object Boundaries Using Motion Cues
journal contributionposted on 01.01.2007, 00:00 by Andrew Stein, Derek Hoiem, Martial Hebert
While great strides have been made in detecting and localizing specific objects in natural images, the bottom-up segmentation of unknown, generic objects remains a difficult challenge. We believe that occlusion can provide a strong cue for object segmentation and “pop-out”, but detecting an object’s occlusion boundaries using appearance alone is a difficult problem in itself. If the camera or the scene is moving, however, that motion provides an additional powerful indicator of occlusion. Thus, we use standard appearance cues (e.g. brightness/color gradient) in addition to motion cues that capture subtle differences in the relative surface motion (i.e. parallax) on either side of an occlusion boundary. We describe a learned local classifier and global inference approach which provide a framework for combining and reasoning about these appearance and motion cues to estimate which region boundaries of an initial over-segmentation correspond to object/occlusion boundaries in the scene. Through results on a dataset which contains short videos with labeled boundaries, we demonstrate the effectiveness of motion cues for this task.