On Hierarchical Routing in Doubling Metrics
journal contributionposted on 01.06.2000 by T.-H. Hubert Chan, Anupam Gupta, Bruce M. Maggs, Shuheng Zhou
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We study the problem of routing in doubling metrics, and show how to perform hierarchical routing in such metrics with small stretch and compact routing tables (i.e., with small amount of routing information stored at each vertex). We say that a metric (X, d) has doubling dimension dim(X) at most α if every set of diameter D can be covered by 2α sets of diameter D/2. (A doubling metric is one whose doubling dimension dim(X) is a constant.) We show how to perform (1 + τ)-stretch routing on metrics for any 0 < T ≤ 1 with routing tables of size at most (α/τ)O(α) log2 Δ bits with only (α/τ)O(α) log Δ entries, where Δ is the diameter of the graph; hence the number of routing table entries is just τ-O(1) log Δ for doubling metrics. These results extend and improve on those of Talwar (2004).We also give better constructions of sparse spanners for doubling metrics than those obtained from the routing tables above; for τ > 0, we give algorithms to construct (1 + τ)-stretch spanners for a metric (X, d) with maximum degree at most (2 + 1/τ)O(dim(X)), matching the results of Das et al. for Euclidean metrics.