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Rainbow Connection of Random Regular Graphs

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journal contribution
posted on 11.11.2013, 00:00 by Andrzej Dudek, Alan Frieze, Charalampos E. Tsourakakis

An edge colored graph G is rainbow edge connected if any two vertices are connected by a path whose edges have distinct colors. The rainbow connection of a connected graph G, denoted by rc(G), is the smallest number of colors that are needed in order to make G rainbow connected.
In this work we study the rainbow connection of the random r-regular graph G=G(n,r) of ordern, where r≥4 is a constant. We prove that with probability tending to one as n goes to infinity the rainbow connection of G satisfies rc(G)=O(logn), which is best possible up to a hidden constant.