The Constrained Minimum Spanning Tree Problem
journal contributionposted on 01.01.1984 by Ramamoorthi Ravi, M. X. Goemans
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Given an undirected graph with two different nonnegative costs associated with every edge e (say, we for the weight and l e for the length of edge e) and a budget L, consider the problem of finding a spanning tree of total edge length at most L and minimum total weight under this restriction. This constrained minimum spanning tree problem is weakly NP-hard. We present a polynomial-time approximation scheme for this problem. This algorithm always produces a spanning tree of total length at most (1 + ε)L and of total weight at most that of any spanning tree of total length at most L, for any fixed ε >0. The algorithm uses Lagrangean relaxation, and exploits adjacency relations for matroids.