What's News, What's Not? Associating News Videos with Words
journal contributionposted on 01.03.1999 by Pinar Duygulu, Alexander Hauptmann
Any type of content formally published in an academic journal, usually following a peer-review process.
Text retrieval from broadcast news video is unsatisfactory, because a transcript word frequently does not directly " describe " the shot when it was spoken. Extending the retrieved region to a window around the matching keyword provides better recall, but low precision. We improve on text retrieval using the following approach: First we segment the visual stream into coherent story-like units, using a set of visual news story delimiters. After filtering out clearly irrelevant classes of shots, we are still left with an ambiguity of how words in the transcript relate to the visual content in the remaining shots of the story. Using a limited set of visual features at different semantic levels ranging from color histograms, to faces, cars, and outdoors, an association matrix captures the correlation of these visual features to specific transcript words. This matrix is then refined using an EM approach. Preliminary results show that this approach has the potential to significantly improve retrieval performance from text queries.