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A Constrained Baum-Welch Algorithm for Improved Phoneme Segmentation and Efficient Training

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journal contribution
posted on 01.01.2004, 00:00 by David Huggins-Daines, Alexander RudnickyAlexander Rudnicky

We describe an extension to the Baum-Welch algorithm for training Hidden Markov Models that uses explicit phoneme segmentation to constrain the forward and backward lattice. The HMMs trained with this algorithm can be shown to improve the accuracy of automatic phoneme segmentation. In addition, this algorithm is significantly more computationally efficient than the full BaumWelch algorithm, while producing models that achieve equivalent accuracy on a standard phoneme recognition task.


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