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A Matter of Degree: Improved Approximation Algorithms for Degree-Bounded Minimum Spanning Trees

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journal contribution
posted on 01.05.2012, 00:00 by J. Könemann, Ramamoorthi RaviRamamoorthi Ravi
In this paper, we present a new bicriteria approximation algorithm for the degreebounded minimum spanning tree problem. In this problem, we are given an undirected graph, a nonnegative cost function on the edges, and a positive integer B∗, and the goal is to find a minimumcost spanning tree T with maximum degree at most B∗. In an n-node graph, our algorithm finds a spanning tree with maximum degree O(B∗ + log n) and cost O( opt B∗ ), where opt B∗ is the minimum cost of any spanning tree whose maximum degree is at most B∗. Our algorithm uses ideas from Lagrangean duality. We show how a set of optimum Lagrangean multipliers yields bounds on both the degree and the cost of the computed solution.