Characterization of the effects of adenosine receptor agonists on cerebral blood flow in uninjured and traumatically injured rat brain using continuous arterial spin-labeled magnetic resonance imaging.

Hypoperfusion after traumatic brain injury may exacerbate damage. Adenosine, a vasodilator, regulates cerebral blood flow (CBF). Treatment with adenosine receptor agonists has shown benefit in experimental CNS trauma; however, their effects on CBF after injury remain undefined. We used magnetic resonance imaging to assess CBF in uninjured rats both early and at 24 h after intrahippocampal administration of either the nonselective adenosine receptor agonist 2-chloroadenosine (2-CA, 12 nmol) or the A(2A)-receptor agonist 2-p-(2-carboxyethyl)-phenethylamino-5'-N-ethylcarbox-amidoadenosine (CGS 21680, 6 nmol). We also assessed the effects of these agents on cerebral metabolic rate for glucose (CMRglu). We then assessed the effect of 2-CA on CBF at 3.5 to 5 h after controlled cortical impact (CCI). Injection of 2-CA into uninjured rat brain produced marked increases in CBF in ipsilateral hippocampus and cortex versus vehicle (P