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Clean Recycling of Lead-Acid Batteries for Electric Vehicles: A Reply to Socolow and Thomas

journal contribution
posted on 1998-01-01, 00:00 authored by Lester B Lave, Chris Hendrickson, Francis McMichael

This article is stimulated by the analysis of Socolow and Thomas in the first issue of this journal. Our work showed that a lead-acid battery-powered electric vehicle (Ev) would result in more lead being discharged into the environment than a comparable car burning leaded gasoline. Five hundred thousand EVs would lead to a 20% increase in lead use in the United States, and presumably a comparable 20% increase in lead discharges.