journal contributionposted on 01.01.1990, 00:00 by Susan Finger, Carnegie Mellon University.Engineering Design Research Center.
Abstract: "Given the initial functional specifications for a product, a designer must create the description of a physical device that meets those requirements. The final design must simultaneously meet cost and quality requirements as well as meet the constraints imposed by activities such as manufacturing, assembly, and maintenance. Mechanical designs are often composed of highly-integrated, tightly-coupled components where the interactions are essential to the behavior and economic execution of the design. Therefore, concurrent rather than sequential consideration of requirements, such as structural, thermal, and manufacturing constraints, will result in superior designs.Our goal is to create a computer-based design system that will enable a designer to concurrently consider the interactions and trade-offs among different, and even conflicting, requirements. We are creating a system that surrounds the designer with experts and advisors that provide continuous feedback based on incremental analysis of the design as it evolves. These experts and advisors, called perspectives, can generate comments on the design (e.g. comment on its manufacturability), information that becomes part of the design (e.g. stresses), and portions of the geometry (e.g. the shape of an airfoil).However, the perspectives are not just a sophisticated toolbox for the designer, rather they are a group of advisors who interact with one another and with the designer. This paper presents an overview of a body of research that has resulted from the multi-disciplinary group that is creating this design system. The research falls into four broad categories: geometric modeling, features, constraints, and system architecture."