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Detection and assignment of TP53 mutations in tumor DNA using peptide mass signature genotyping.

journal contribution
posted on 01.08.2003, 00:00 by Cheryl A. Telmer, Jiyan An, David E. Malehorn, Xuemei Zeng, Susanne M. Gollin, Chandramohan S. Ishwad, Jonathan JarvikJonathan Jarvik

This report describes the application of a new approach to tumor genotyping called peptide mass signature genotyping (PMSG) that is particularly suited to detecting minority sequences in a DNA sample. Detecting minority sequences is essential for accurate tumor genotyping because tumor resections are generally a mixture of malignant and non-malignant cells, with the mutations of interest often outnumbered by the corresponding wild-type alleles. To explore the suitability of PMSG for tumor genotyping, 25 human squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck, as well as a set of cell lines derived from those tumors, were analyzed for mutations in exons 5 to 8 of the TP53 gene, the exons that encode the DNA-binding domains of the p53 protein. PMSG identified mutations in 11 tumor DNA samples, whereas dideoxy sequencing of the same samples detected mutations in only four. Currently, PMSG can be used to detect mutations that are present in only 20% of the sample DNA, and we expect that this threshold will be lowered significantly as the PMSG process is improved. Hum Mutat 22:158-165, 2003.