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Evaluating an Agglutinative Segmentation Model for ParaMor
This paper describes and evaluates a modification to the segmentation model used in the unsupervised morphology induction system, ParaMor. Our improved segmentation model permits multiple morpheme boundaries in a single word. To prepare ParaMor to effectively apply the new agglutinative segmentation model, two heuristics improve ParaMor’s precision. These precision-enhancing heuristics are adaptations of those used in other unsupervised morphology induction systems, including work by Hafer and Weiss (1974) and Goldsmith (2006). By reformulating the segmentation model used in ParaMor, we significantly improve ParaMor’s performance in all language tracks and in both the linguistic evaluation as well as in the task based information retrieval (IR) evaluation of the peer operated competition Morpho Challenge 2007. ParaMor’s improved morpheme recall in the linguistic evaluations of German, Finnish, and Turkish is higher than that of any system which competed in the Challenge. In the three languages of the IR evaluation, our enhanced ParaMor significantly outperforms, at average precision over newswire queries, a morphologically naïve baseline; scoring just behind the leading system from Morpho Challenge 2007 in English and ahead of the first place system in German.