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Experience-Dependent Perceptual Grouping and Object-Based Attention
journal contributionposted on 01.02.2002, 00:00 authored by Richard S. Zemel, Marlene BehrmannMarlene Behrmann, Michael C. Mozer, Daphne Bavelier
Earlier studies have shown that attention can be directed to objects, defined on the basis of generic grouping principles, highly familiar shapes, or task instructions, rather than to contiguous regions of the visual field. The 4 experiments presented in this article extend these findings, showing that object attention benefits--shorter reaction times to features appearing on a single object--apply to recently viewed novel shapes. One experiment shows that object attention operates even when the visible fragments correspond to objects that violate standard completion heuristics. Other experiments show that experience-dependent object benefits can apply to fragments even without evidence of occlusion. These results attest to the flexible operation of the perceptual system, adapting as a function of experience.