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FeatureBoost: A Meta Learning Algorithm that Improves Model Robustness
journal contributionposted on 1999-02-01, 00:00 authored by Joseph O'Sullivan, John Langford, Richard Caruana, Avrim Blum
Most machine learning algorithms are lazy: they extract from the training set the minimum information needed to predict its labels. Unfortunately, this often leads to models that are not robust when features are removed or obscured in future test data. For example, a backprop net trained to steer a car typically learns to recognize the edges of the road, but does not learn to recognize other features such as the stripes painted on the road which could be useful when road edges disappear in tunnels or are obscured by passing trucks. The net learns the minimum necessary to steer on the training set. In contrast, human driving is remarkably robust as features become obscured. Motivated by this, we propose a framework for robust learning that biases induction to learn many different models from the same inputs. We present a meta algorithm for robust learning called FeatureBoost, and demonstrate it on several problems using backprop nets, k-nearest neighbor, and decision trees.