Improving Small File Performance in Object-based Storage (CMU-PDL-06-104)
journal contributionposted on 01.05.2006, 00:00 by James Hendricks, Raja R. Sambasivan, Shafeeq Sinnamohideen, Gregory R. Ganger
This paper proposes architectural refinements, server-driven metadata prefetching and namespace flattening, for improving the efficiency of small file workloads in object-based storage systems. Server driven metadata prefetching consists of having the metadata server provide information and capabilities for multiple objects, rather than just one, in response to each lookup. Doing so allows clients to access the contents of many small files for each metadata server interaction, reducing access latency and metadata server load. Namespace flattening encodes the directory hierarchy into object IDs such that namespace locality translates to object ID similarity. Doing so exposes namespace relationships among objects (e.g., as hints to storage devices), improves locality in metadata indices, and enables use of ranges for exploiting them. Trace-driven simulations and experiments with a prototype implementation show significant performance benefits for small file workloads.