Increased induction in FeCo-based nanocomposite materials with reduced early transition metal growth inhibitors
We report on new high-saturation induction, high-temperature nanocomposite alloys with reduced glass formers. The amounts of the magnetic transition metals and early transition metal growth inhibitors were systematically varied to determine trade-offs between higher inductions and fine microstructures with consequently lower magnetic losses. Alloys of nominal composition (Fe65Co35)79.5+xNb4−xB13Si2Cu1.5 (x=0–4) were cast into a 28 mm wide, 20 μm thick ribbon from which toroidal cores were wound. Inductions and magnetic losses were measured after nanocrystallization and stress relief. We report technical magnetic properties: permeability, maximum induction, remanence ratio, coercive field, and high frequency magnetic losses as a function of composition and annealing temperature for these alloys. Of note is the development of maximum inductions in excess of 1.76 T in cores made of alloys with the x=4 composition and maximum inductions in excess of 1.67 T in alloys with the x=3 composition, which also exhibit power losses smaller than 10 W/kg at 0.2 T induction levels in 20 kHz fields. We discuss optimization of induction with chemistry and correlate the microstructures with losses.