Integrated Planning and Control for Convex-Bodied Nonholonomic Systems Using Local Feedback Control Policies
journal contributionposted on 2006-08-01, 00:00 authored by David C. Conner, Alfred A. Rizzi, Howie Choset
We present a method for defining a hybrid control system capable of simultaneously addressing the global navigation and control problem for a convex-bodied wheeled mobile robot navigating amongst obstacles. The method uses parameterized continuous local feedback control policies that ensure safe operation over local regions of the free configuration space; each local policy is designed to respect nonholonomic constraints, bounds on velocities (inputs), and obstacles in the environment. The hybrid control system makes use of a collection of these local control policies in concert with discrete planning tools in order to plan, and replan in the face of changing conditions, while preserving the safety and convergence guarantees of the underlying control policies. In this paper, we provide details of the system models and policy definitions used to validate the approach in simulation and experiment with a convex-bodied wheeled mobile robot. This work is one of the first that combines formal planning with continuous feedback control guarantees for systems subject to nonholonomic constraints, input bounds, and non-trivial body shape.