Carnegie Mellon University
file.pdf (236.08 kB)
Download file

Knowing-‘wh’, Mention-Some Readings, and Non-Reducibility

Download (236.08 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2013-10-28, 00:00 authored by Benjamin GeorgeBenjamin George

his article presents a new criticisms of reductive approaches to knowledge-‘wh’ (i.e., those approaches on which whether one stands in the knowledge-‘wh’ relation to a question is determined by whether one stands in the knowledge-‘that’ relation to some answer(s) to the question). It argues in particular that the truth of a knowledge-‘wh’ attribution like ‘Janna knows where she can buy an Italian newspaper’ depends not only on what Janna knows about the availability of Italian newspapers, but on what she believes about the matter. This dependence of Janna's knowledge-‘wh’ on her (possibly false) beliefs is incompatible with the reductive approach.


Publisher Statement

This is the accepted version of the article which has been published in final form at



Usage metrics