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Optimal Column-Based Low-Rank Matrix Reconstruction

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journal contribution
posted on 01.01.1973, 00:00 by Venkatesan Guruswami, Ali Kemal Sinop

We prove that for any real-valued matrix $X \in \R^{m \times n}$, and positive integers r≥k, there is a subset of r columns of X such that projecting X onto their span gives a r+1r−k+1−−−−−√-approximation to best rank-k approximation of X in Frobenius norm. We show that the trade-off we achieve between the number of columns and the approximation ratio is optimal up to lower order terms. Furthermore, there is a deterministic algorithm to find such a subset of columns that runs in O(rnmωlogm) arithmetic operations where ω is the exponent of matrix multiplication. We also give a faster randomized algorithm that runs in O(rnm2) arithmetic operations.


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