Optimal multiperiod operational planning for utility systems
journal contributionposted on 1995-01-01, 00:00 authored by Ramaswamy Iyer, Ignacio E. Grossmann, Carnegie Mellon University.Engineering Design Research Center.
Abstract: "In this paper, the operational planning problem for utility systems is formulated as a mixed-integer linear program (MILP). For multiperiod operation with varying demands for utilities, the optimal choice of units for each period is determined. The objective function accounts for both the operating costs for each period and changeover costs for startup/shutdown of units between periods of operation. A two-stage approach is proposed that requires the solution of MILP subproblems coupled with a shortest path algorithm, resulting in orders of magnitude reduction in computation time as compared to a direct MILP solution using branch and bound enumeration. The computational requirements of the algorithm are linear with respect to the number of periods and global solution of the MILP is guaranteed. Solution of a test problem shows savings of the order of 3% in total annual cost of operation with the main advantage being the simplicity of the proposed plan (few start-ups and shutdowns). The solution method is also extended to the case for ramp function change in demands."