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Recognition by Association via Learning Per-exemplar Distances
journal contributionposted on 2008-01-01, 00:00 authored by Tomasz Malisiewicz, Alexei A Efros
We pose the recognition problem as data association. In this setting, a novel object is explained solely in terms of a small set of exemplar objects to which it is visually similar. Inspired by the work of Frome et al., we learn separate distance functions for each exemplar; however, our distances are interpretable on an absolute scale and can be thresholded to detect the presence of an object. Our exemplars are represented as image regions and the learned distances capture the relative importance of shape, color, texture, and position features for that region. We use the distance functions to detect and segment objects in novel images by associating the bottom-up segments obtained from multiple image segmentations with the exemplar regions. We evaluate the detection and segmentation performance of our algorithm on real-world outdoor scenes from the LabelMe  dataset and also show some promising qualitative image parsing results.