The Meaning of Types From Intrinsic to Extrinsic Semantics
journal contributionposted on 01.09.2005, 00:00 by John C Reynolds
A definition of a typed language is said to be "intrinsic" if it assigns meanings to typings rather than arbitrary phrases, so that ill-typed phrases are meaningless. In contrast, a definition is said to be "extrinsic" if all phrases have meanings that are independent of their typings, while typings represent properties of these meanings. For a simply typed lambda calculus, extended with recursion, subtypes, and named products, we give an intrinsic denotational semantics and a denotational semantics of the underlying untyped language. We then establish a logical relations theorem between these two semantics, and show that the logical relations can be"bracketed" by retractions between the domains of the two semantics. From these results, we derive an extrinsic semantics that uses partial equivalence relations.