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What defines a view?

journal contribution
posted on 01.07.2001, 00:00 by Michael J. Tarr, David J. Kriegman

At a given instant we see only visible surfaces, not an object's complete 3D appearance. Thus, objects may be represented as discrete 'views' showing only those features visible from a limited range of viewpoints. We address how to define a view using Koenderink's (Koenderink & Van Doorn, Biol. Cybernet. 32 (1979) 211.) geometric method for enumerating complete sets of stable views as aspect graphs. Using objects with known aspect graphs, five experiments examined whether the perception of orientation is sensitive to the qualitative features that define aspect graphs. Highest sensitivity to viewpoint changes was observed at locations where the theory predicts qualitative transitions, although some transitions did not affect performance. Hypotheses about why humans ignore some transitions offer insights into mechanisms for object representation.