Carnegie Mellon University
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Using Model-Based Systems Engineering (MBSE) to Assure a DevSecOps Pipeline is Sufficiently Secure

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Many enterprises and government programs are concerned that adversaries  may abuse weaknesses in a DevSecOps pipeline to inject exploitable vulnerabilities into their products and services. This report presents an approach using model-based systems engineering (MBSE) and the DevSecOps Platform Independent Model (PIM) to evaluate and mitigate the cybersecurity risks associated with a given enterprise’s or government  program’s DevSecOps pipeline(s). The analysis approaches this report describes focus on ensuring that the DevSecOps pipeline and its associated products are implemented in a secure, safe, and sustainable way; are sufficiently free from vulnerabilities; and the capabilities  only function as intended. Ultimately, the PIM provides analysts with a minimum set of MBSE tools to assist with threat identification, analysis, documentation, and subsequent mitigations. 


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This material is based upon work funded and supported by the Department of Defense under Contract No. FA8702-15-D-0002 with Carnegie Mellon University for the operation of the Software Engineering Institute, a federally funded research and development center. The view, opinions, and/or findings contained in this material are those of the author(s) and should not be construed as an official Government position, policy, or decision, unless designated by other documentation. References herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by Carnegie Mellon University or its Software Engineering Institute. This report was prepared for the SEI Administrative Agent AFLCMC/AZS 5 Eglin Street Hanscom AFB, MA 01731-2100. NO WARRANTY. THIS CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY AND SOFTWARE ENGINEERING INSTITUTE MATERIAL IS FURNISHED ON AN "AS-IS" BASIS. CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY MAKES NO WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, AS TO ANY MATTER INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, WARRANTY OF FITNESS FOR PURPOSE OR MERCHANTABILITY, EXCLUSIVITY, OR RESULTS OBTAINED FROM USE OF THE MATERIAL. CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY DOES NOT MAKE ANY WARRANTY OF ANY KIND WITH RESPECT TO FREEDOM FROM PATENT, TRADEMARK, OR COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT. [DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A] This material has been approved for public release and unlimited distribution. Please see Copyright notice for non-US Government use and distribution.

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Copyright 2023 Carnegie Mellon University.

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