Mersky and Samaras Working Paper.pdf (2.55 MB)
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Impact of Vehicle Automation on Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Siting and Energy Demand

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posted on 17.12.2020, 21:11 by Avi Chaim Mersky, Constantine SamarasConstantine Samaras

This paper presents a method to characterize the impact of privately-owned autonomous electric vehicles on electric vehicle charger placement, distribution, utilization, and power demand. Using Seattle, WA as a case study, a least total cost optimization for charging station owner and driver costs is conducted for vehicle automation levels 0-3, 4, and 5. Moving from levels 0-3 to level 4 and level 5 automation reduces the peak electrical load for EV charging by approximately 31% and 68%, respectively. Moving from levels 0-3 to level 4 automation decreased the optimal number of chargers by 65%, lowered total cost by 46%. Moving from levels 0-3 automation to level 5 automation decreased the optimal number of chargers by 84% and total costs by 69%. Additional vehicle miles traveled and operating costs incurred by drivers for drop off and pick up were estimated with level 5 automation. The results suggest that highly automated vehicle technology used in privately-owned electric vehicles could reduce the cost of deployment for recharging infrastructure and reduce peak electrical demand associated with recharging.


This research was supported by a US DOT University Transportation Center grant, award No. 69A3551747111, by the United States Department of Transportation Eisenhower Fellowship, and by Argonne National Laboratory Project 7F-30155. The contents of this report reflect the views of the authors, who are responsible for the facts and the accuracy of the information presented herein. This document is disseminated in the interest of information exchange. The report is funded, partially or entirely, by a grant from the U.S. Department of Transportation’s University Transportation Centers Program. However, the U.S. Government assumes no liability for the contents or use thereof.