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Light Scalar Tetraquarks and Sigma Baryon Spectroscopy from Lattice QCD

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posted on 18.02.2022, 22:05 authored by Daniel DarvishDaniel Darvish
The finite-volume QCD spectrum in the I = 1/2 , S = -1, parity-even, zero-momentum sector
containing the k meson and the I = 1, S = 0, parity-even, G-parity-odd, zero-momentum sector containing the a0(980) meson is studied with the inclusion of tetraquark operators
using lattice QCD. Several hundred tetraquark operators of different flavor, color, and spatial structures are included in this study. We find that the inclusion of tetraquark operators is crucial for determining the spectrum in each sector, and that there is a state in each sector with sizeable tetraquark component that is missed without the use of tetraquark operators. The spectrum of excited sigma baryons in the I = 1, S = -1, parity-even and parity-odd sectors is also studied using large bases of single- and two-hadron operators, for the first time in lattice QCD. We find qualitative agreement with experiment, and near-agreement with a previous study that neglects two-hadron operators. All calculations are performed using 412 gauge field configurations with clover-improved Wilson fermions on a 323 x 256 anisotropic lattice with mπ 230 MeV, and quark propagation is treated using the Stochastic LapH method.

History

Date

07/08/2020

Degree Type

Dissertation

Department

Physics

Degree Name

  • Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Advisor(s)

Colin Morningstar

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